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【学习天地】英语写作课堂——首段写法
2018-07-18 11:48   审核人:

 

好的开头是高分作文必不可少的要素,是吸引阅卷老师注意的关键。通过分析近十年的四六级高分作文,我们归纳出了四六级作文首段常用的写作方法。具体如下:

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1、现象阐释法

现象阐释法指的是直接就题目进行简单描述,给出自己的理解。这是现象解释型和问题解决型作文最常用的一种方法。现象阐释法的结构素材主要分为两种:

描述现象/图片

1. Recently, the rise in the problem of ______ has aroused public/wide concern.

近来,______问题的增加已经引起了公众/广泛的关注。

2. Recently, the issue of ______ has been brought into focus/brought to public attention.近来,______问题已经成为人们关注的焦点。

3. The problem of ______ has caused wide concern over recent years.

近年来,______问题已经引起了广泛的关注。

4. With the rapid growth of ______ , ______ have/has become increasingly important in our daily life.

随着______的快速增长,______在我们的日常生活中已经变得越来越重要。

5. Now there is a growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to ______ .

如今,人们越来越意识到______的必要性。

6. Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/be aware that ______.如今,越来越多的人开始意识到______。

7. After a good many years of enthusiasm for ______ , people begin to ______ .

热衷于______多年之后,人们开始______。

8. One of the burning/pressing questions/problems facing/confronting our nation/society today is ______ .我们的国家/社会今天面临的紧迫问题之一是______。

9. With ______ playing an increasingly important role in ______ , more and more ______ .随着在______中的作用日益重要,越来越多的______。

10. Whenever you see/find ______ , you can't help being shocked/surprised at ______ .每当看到/发现______的时候,你会不禁为_____感到震惊/惊讶。

11. As the bar chart shows, the number of ______ has dramatically increased/decreased during the ______ years from ______ to ______.如柱状图所示,______的数量从____年到____年____年之间急剧增加/减少。

12. From the graph, we know the statistics of ______ and ______ . It can be seen easily that ______.

从图表中我们可知______和______的数据。我们可以很容易地看出______。

13. From the bar chart, it is clear that between ______and ______ the amount of ranged from ______to ______ .从柱状图中可以清楚地看到,从______到______,______的数量在______到______之间变化。

14. As the bar chart shows, great changes concerning ______ took place between ______ and ______ .柱状图表明,从______到______,______发生了很大的变化。

15. As can be seen in the graph, ______ saw great changes in ______ between ______ and ______ .

从图表可知,在______到______之间,______发生了巨大变化。

16. The cartoon vividly depicts ______. 这幅漫画生动地描述了______。

17. As is described in the picture, ______ .如图中所描述的,______。

18. As is vividly indicated in the above drawing/picture, ______ .

如上图生动地描述的那样,______。

19. The drawing, thought-provoking as it is, does mirror a social phenomenon that ______ .这幅发人深省的图画的确反映了这样一个社会现象:______。

20. In the cartoon presented to us, ______. Obviously, what the cartoon illustrates/reveals is ______ .

在展现给我们的图片中,______。显然,该图片说明/揭示的是______。

21. As is symbolically depicted in the drawing above, ______. Although the drawing is designed simply, it does reveal that ______ .

正如上图象征性地描绘的一样,______。虽然该图很简单,它确实反映了______。

22.As is vividly illustrated in the cartoon, ______ . The central point of this cartoon is that ______.正如漫画中生动展示的,______。该漫画的主旨是______。

引出观点

1. This picture demonstrates one of the basic theories of philosophy:______ .

这幅图片展现了哲学的一个基本理论:______。

2. Such a picture draws attention to the fact that______ .

这样一种画面吸引我们注意到这样的现实:______。

3. The purpose of the drawing is to show us that ______.

这幅画是为了向我们展示______。

4. The painter reminds us of a common social phenomenon: ______.

画的作者提醒了我们一个普遍的社会现象:______。

2、观点引入法

引入法是观点论证型作文常用的一种方法。该方法开门见山地提出主题,并逐渐引出个人观点。观点引入法常用素材有:

引出观点

1.“______”is a proverb full of logic, which has been generally accepted.

“______”是一个非常有道理的谚语,被人们普遍接受。

2. As the old saying goes,“______.”It tells us that ______.

古语道:“______。”该谚语告诉我们______。

3. When it comes to ______ , some think/hold/believe that ______. Others argue that the opposite is true.当提及______时,有人认为______。其他人则认为事实恰好相反。

4. There is a public/general debate/discussion today/nowadays on/over/as to the problem/issue of ______.如今,有一场关于______问题公开的/普遍的争论/讨论。

5. When asked whether it is advisable to ______, different people have different things to say.关于______是否明智这个问题,不同的人有不同的看法。

6. People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person.

关于______,人们的观点因人而异。

7. Some people propose such a question:______ .许多人提出这样一个问题:______。

8. Different people hold different views about______ .

对于______,不同的人有不同的看法。

9.Faced with______ , quite a few people think that______ , but others conceive of it differently.面对______,许多人认为______,但是其他人则持有不同的观点。

引出观点中的道理

1. It tells us that ______.它告诉我们______。

2. It reminds us that ______.它提醒我们______。

3. It means that ______.它意味着______。

4. This proverb reflects ______.该谚语反映了______。

5. The truth of this saying is ______.这句话的真相是______。

6. Personally, I stand on the side of ______.就个人而言,我支持______。

7. As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of the opinion that ______.

就我而言,我赞同______的观点。

8.I agree that priority should be given to ______.我赞同______具有优先权的观点。

3、问题引入法

问题引入法是观点论证型和现象解释型作文最常用的一种方法。本方法以问句开篇,更引人入胜。问题引入法常用素材如下:

1. We are often shown/told these days that ______. But is this really the case?

近来我们经常听说______。但情况真的如此吗?

2. In recent years, there is a general tendency to ______. According to a study______, last year. Why ______?

近年来,有一个______的总体趋势。根据一项研究,去年______。为什么______?

3. These days we are often told that ______. But is that true?

最近,我们经常听说______。但是,那是真的吗?

4. These days we often hear about ______. But is this really the case?

最近,我们经常听说______。但是,事实真是如此吗?

5.“Why do______ ?”Many people often ask questions like this.

“为什么______?”许多人经常问这样的问题。

6. Should ______? Opinions of/Attitudes toward ______ vary widely from person to person.应该这样吗?不同的人对______有不同的观点。

7. What do you think of ______? Your answer to the question will reflect ______.

你怎么看______?你对这个问题的答案会反映______。

8.“Why ______?”Of all the questions/complaints I have heard, this is the one most frequently voiced.

“为什么______?”在我听到的所有问题/抱怨中,这是最经常听到的一个。

9. When asked about______ , the overwhelming majority of/many people say/think/believe/answer that ______. But ______.

当被问及______时,大多数/许多人认为/回答______。但是______。

10.Nowadays, it is commonly/widely/generally believed/thought/held that ______, but I wonder/doubt that ______.如今,人们普遍认为______。但是我怀疑______。

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